Space Station ODC Test Results
Anti-fungal properties discovered for growing plants without pesticides
by BioServe (located on the campus of the University of Colorado, Boulder, CO)
Mission Report: NASA 6 / Mir Space Station
Subject: Anti-fungal properties of ODC
II. Objective / Hypothesis
In general the seeds sprouted quite well both on Earth and onboard Mir. The Mir-grown seedlings tended to exhibit more growth than those grown on Earth. Though no fungal challenge was intentionally introduced into the plants, we did see fungal infection of several of the seedlings. Preliminary visual analysis indicated that the seedlings that were pretreated with the elicitor exhibited less fungal infection than the untreated seeds. This was true for both flight and ground experiments. Biochemical analysis has supported this finding and has further shown these plants have retained their fungal fighting abilities and the elicitor has maintained its effectiveness in microgravity. Further analysis is still being performed on the fixed samples to determine structural differences in the seedlings.
V. Terrestrial applications of the findings
This and future studies will help the company perfect its delivery system for a variety of crops including potatoes, wheat, barley, tomatoes, rice and soybeans. These experiments are also a potentially important part of NASAís search for viable strategies to grow food plants on long term space flights or on future bases on other planets or moons.
Also see:AeAeroponic Wheat
BioServe Space Technologies, a NASA sponsored Commercial Space Center located at the University of Colorado, Boulder, CO, assisted Aeroponics International in its efforts to develop an ODC technology for space. BioServe has flown space payload experiments on 17 shuttle missions and two four-month Mir missions during the past ten years.
BioServe researcher, Mike Sportiello said today that astronaut David Wolfe returned back to Earth on January 31st, bringing back with him Aeroponics International's ODC experiments from the Mir Space Station. Aeroponics Internationals Organic Disease Control (ODC) experiments on adzuki beans were the first experiments of their kind to be conducted on food plants in low-gravity.
Sportiello says that preliminary analysis of the experiments shows good growth of the adzuki seedlings in low gravity; in addition, seeds and seedlings treated with ODC appear to have exhibited more robust growth and disease resistance than those without the ODC treatment.
Further biochemical analysis, to be performed by Dr. Jim Linden, professor Microbiology and Chemical Engineering, at Colorado State University, will shed more light on the effect of the ODC treatment on the growth and disease resistance of the adzuki beans grown on Mir.
Sportiello went on to say that a environmentally benign method such as Aeroponics International's Organic Disease Control System could be a valuable advancement both for growing food crops on an ever more populated Earth and for producing food in non-terrestrial environments as humans continue to explore the cosmos beyond Earth.
Bulletin: BioServe Links up with Aeroponic International for SBIR
FPA's containing the individual adzuki bean seeds grown in low gravity. ODC treated adzuki beans
(second from the right to the left). Test control groups (one and two starting from the right).
Ground experiment showing growth rate of adzuki bean (treated with ODC)
Ground experiment showing sprouting adzuki beans (ODC treated) vs. the non treated
controls which failed to emerge.
More ODC / NASA space shuttle results
NASA SBIR Aeroponic Lettuce Study
NASA/SBIR/Aeroponics International News Release 2/17/98
Denver Post - Business News: Colorado Firm Tests on the Mir
Space seeds blast off
Pre--flight CSU test results on legumes
Press Release: NASA: Aeroponics International on Russian Mir Space Station in 1997
Organic Disease Control (ODC)
ODC Treatment crop comparison
Recent Article (Jan'97)
ODC/EcoSeed Research Report'96
Press Report June'94
Space Technology Food Production Reference Page
BEYOND All Natural Plant Amendmentô Brochure
Purchase ODC / Beyond Biocontrols and Aeroponic Units and Systems
Use natural biocontrol products visit www.biocontrols.com